The Arabic language is spoken in sixteen modern states alongside the historical Silk Road. Classical Arabic is used for religious and ceremonial purposes, having an archaic vocabulary. Modern Standard Arabic is a modernized variety of Classical Arabic. In most Arab countries only the well-educated have adequate proficiency in Standard Arabic, while over 100,500,000 do not.

Country profile

Capital: Cairo
Region: Arab States

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Social and Human Sciences Sector

Research, Policy and Foresight Section

Silk Roads Programme

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